Educational Resources


The act of conveying information completes the circle of my own education. I gain great insights into the subject matter when teaching. One of my goals in teaching is to emphasize that chemistry (and science) is all around us: from paint and pigments, to plastics, to batteries, ..., everywhere!

Specific resources for primary school education can be found at the respective.

The following resources are of general utility. Also see the resources on the links page.

General Education

Learning and Study Guide

A one-page handout that gives suggestions on how to effectively learn material during the course and prepare for exams. There are also suggestions on how to best take exams.

Assessing Student Knowledge

A one-page handout reviewing the the difficulty level of questions encountered in science classes: recall, algorithmic, conceptual.

Symbol Font

The Symbol font character associated with each key.

Additional Characters

The ALT-#### characters in normal (Arial and Roman) and Symbol Font.

Additional Characters

The ALT-#### characters in normal (Arial and Roman) and Symbol Font.

Education as a Business

A document that counters the 'Education is a Business' arguments put forward by lazy students, their parents, school boards, governments, businesses, etc. The Blueberry Story also provides good counter-arguments to the 'Education is a Business' mantra.


Chemical Education

The DEFINATIVE Periodic Table

The DEFINITIVE Periodic Table — filled with data on all the elements.

Fits on legal paper. Can be printed as a poster for your office wall (30×50 cm), classroom (90×150), or bigger(!) without loss of clarity or resolution. (Given the small print, bigger might be better!)

Periodic Tables

An Excel document containing periodic tables in several formats: symbols only, symbols and names, and blank, etc. Detailed information on each element is available as a single page print-out.

Energy Conversions and Equivalencies

Two convenient tables that convert between energy units commonly found in chemistry: kJ/mol, cm-1, eV, Hz, kcal/mol, Hartrees, etc. Table one provides the conversion factors. Table two is a quick-reference look-up for the IR to UV range: 25000 nm (400 cm-1) to 100 nm (100000 cm-1).

Symmetry Table

The common symmetry assignment table. The page also includes the Mulliken symbols used to identify states. A good handout.


Models to build several fullerenes: C60, C70, C80, C90, and a Cn nanotube.

GradeKeeper (for teachers)

An Excel spreadsheet for instructors to record and visualize student grades. Details are provided in the link (or below).


Physical & Analytical Chemistry

Statistics in Analytical Chemistry

A review of basic statistics: accuracy, precision, tolerance, null hypothesis tests (Q, F, t), propagation of error, and regression analysis.

Statistical Reference Data

An Excel spreadsheet that contains standard statistical tables: Q-test, one and two-tailed F-test, and one and two-tailed t-test. All tables give the values at user-definable or multiple confidence levels.
The file also determines the uncertainty in a value determined from a linear regression analysis (i.e., read off a graph).

MathCad Files

A collection of MathCad programs that illustrate various phenomenon in chemistry.


NIST Documents

The following documents are reprinted from the National Institute of
Standards and Technology. They are not copyrightable in the United States.

SI Unit Rules and Style Conventions

A checklist-style summary of the recommended format for scientific publications. Additional information available from the NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty.

Formatting Text in Scientific Publications

A summary of how normal, bold, italics, and bold-italics fonts are used to define constants, functions, and variables. Additional information available from NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty.

Scientific Constants

The 1999 scientific constants. Additional information and a searchable index is available from the NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty.



GradeKeeper is an Excel spreadsheet developed for instructors to record and visualize student grades. Seven course components can be recorded, weighted, and statistically analyzed. Graphically, the distribution of percentages from exams, components, or cumulative grades are available, as is the cumulative letter grade distribution. Instructors can remove students who have dropped, generate an anonymized printout, and use Adaptive Scoring. Adaptive Scoring analyzes each students' grades and adjusts the weighting and final grade based on course requirements. For example, an instructor can make passing the laboratory component mandatory, drop the lowest quiz, or drop all the quizzes in liu of the final. Adaptive Scoring makes these decisions instantly and for each student, and always in the best interest of the student.

GradeKeepers' development: I use Microsoft Excel to analyze data. A side project has been to develop an Excel program to store student grades. I was boasting about this program one day when the other person commented that they were organizing a workshop to aid teachers and asked if I would give a presentation on my program. Me and my big mouth! Well, dozens of hours later, I had a reasonable version available for the presentation. I have continued to develop GradeKeeper and have given several additional workshops on it. It is free for personal use.